Manor Pehra-Yakovlevskoe

Manor Pehra-Yakovlevskoe

The estate was founded in 1760-1765. Its creators were Peter Mikhailovich Golitsyn and his son Mikhail Petrovich. Around this time, the village received the double name Pehra-Yakovlevskoe. The ensemble of the estate was created in the then popular classicism style. The architectural complex included a two-story wooden house with two wings, a theater, a greenhouse and a church. The brick building was built later in the 1780s, supposedly designed by architect K.I. Blanca. Near the main building according to the project of F.P. Kazie built two-story outbuildings connected to the house by colonnades. Around the estate was a park. The creation of its regular part dates back to the 1760s. There was a stall with statues and vases. In its center was placed the fountain "Three Graces". Later, in the second half of the 18th - early 19th centuries. the so-called upper park is created, combining the principle of a regular and picturesque layout. The upper park and the stalls are connected by a semicircular stone staircase decorated with sculptures. In its lower part there were grottoes. Until now, the staircase has remained, a small in-depth area at its base (ground floor), the roller coaster in the upper park has survived, but the lower park, once no less magnificent, located on the slope leading to Pekhorka, is now completely lost.

Prince Mikhail Petrovich Golitsin in the estate collected a wonderful collection of paintings, sculptures and prints. Contemporaries called it the “Moscow Hermitage”. But in the 20s of the 19th century. The financial situation of the prince was shaken, he gradually sold the collection, and then mortgaged the estate.

From 1829-1832 Prince I.A. becomes the owner of the estate Gagarin is a real state adviser who spent the last years of his life here. After his death until 1835, the estate was owned by A.D. Naryshkin. Further, the merchant Shelashnikov, who gives the estate as a dowry to his daughter, becomes its owner. His daughter marries General H.H. Roop, who has been missing since 1917.

In 1924 there was a strong fire in the estate, the main building burned out and was later restored three-story, without taking into account the old layout. The decor of the 18th century is preserved only in fragments.

Since 1929, the Pushko-Fur Institute was opened in the estate, and in 1955 - the All-Union Agricultural Institute of Correspondence Education - VSHIZO. Currently, the estate buildings belong to the Russian State Agricultural Correspondence University.

The estate Pehra-Yakovlevskoe is a monument of federal significance and is protected by the state.